ARCHERY is one of the three sports that recommended by the Prophet Muhammad namely horse riding, swimming and archery.
In the hadith described virtue of archery, “Those who shoot an arrow to the enemy either hit or not hit, the reward is equivalent to freeing a slave.” (HR. 2286 Ibn Majah, classed as saheeh al-Albani in Saheeh Ibn Majah)
At the time of the Prophet, there were many companions who were experts in archery. Because of this expertise, they had the opportunity to participate fight to the battlefield.
1. Rafi bin Khadij RA
He was only 15 years old at the time. Muslims currently gearing up all the equipment and strength to face the battle of Uhud. One of the most historically war in the struggle of Muslims. Not only the men who are enthusiastic, young teenagers also participate. They rushed to take a role in the Islamic struggle. One of them is Rafi bin Khadij.
Khadij is his father’s name. He who met the Prophet and requested that his son be allowed competed on the battlefield. Khadij convey his capabilities such as archery and spear play. When meeting the Prophet, Rafi standing on tiptoe, he did make it look higher.
Prophet observe closely the ability of Rafi, but he finally let him. In the Battle of Badr, Rafi never asked for permission to come, but the Prophet expressly forbid it.
In the battle of Uhud, Rafi hit by an arrow in the chest at the bottom of the armpit.. Blood pouring from his wound while the pain he said to the Prophet, “O Messenger of Allah, help me to repealed this arrow.”
Rafi hopes with the help of the Prophet, his wound will faster recover and he can come forward to fight. However, the Messenger gives an unusual choice. He said, “Hi Rafi, I can release it and their eyes dart arrow and you will get well soon. But if you want, I’ll pull out an arrow and left eyes dart in your body, and I will testify at the last day that you die a martyr.”
Rafi choose to remains let the arrowhead in his body. Until he passed away to his Lord in the days of Caliph Muawiyah.
2. Sa’ad bin Abi Waqash
Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas bin Wuhaib ibn ‘Abdi Manaf came from the Bani Zuhrah. He is the uncle of the Prophet is known as someone who is brave, strong and courageous in the faith. One favorite and expertise Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas is archery.
Sa’ad strong evidence of faith is reflected in the sentence, “For the sake of Allah, I will not leave my religion and would not be parted from it.” No wonder when his mother forced him out of Islam. Under conditions of weak and sick, his mother continued to request that Sa’ad out of Islam. Hopes that Sa’ad feel compassion and out of Islam. But he remained to courage, “O Mother, for the sake of Allah, if you have seventy lives out one by one, then I’m still not going to abandon my faith forever.”
Sa’ad referred to as the first to throw a dart in the fight in Allah’s way.
“I was the third person to be first converted to Islam, and I was the first person to shoot an enemy in the way of Allah.” He is the third person to be first converted to Islam, and the first to shoot the enemy in the way of Allah.
In a war, because his archery skills, he was able to kill many enemies. Each dart throw the idolaters to death. He then took over and threw darts. That he was to repeat several times. Thus, until the arrow was able to kill many enemies. Sa’ad was taking his arrow, then said, “This Arrow is blessed by Allah.” 
https://www.islampos.com/the-archers-in-the-age-of-the-prophet-rasulullah-218213/ (Accessed on 3 December 2015)